A small country that is bordered by Germany on the East, Belgium on the South and the North Sea on both the North and West. The country as it is now known has existed from 1839 onwards, when what is now Belgium became its own country.
The capital of the Netherlands is Amsterdam. Governmental seat is in the Hague. Radio and television are based in Hilversum (if you live in Europe and you have a really old-fashioned radio, you will find it on there). The Netherlands are sometimes called Holland but that is very very very wrong, since it's only part of the country. Only one sixth in fact. So, don't do it again!
People in the Netherlands don't live in windmills (well, a few do, but only a few). We don't wear clogs on a daily basis (well, a few do, but only a few). We don't all smoke dope (I never have). We don't all live of prostitution. We don't all wear the Dutch 'national' dress, since it's not. It's the dress of Volendam, a tiny village just north of Amsterdam.
We have given rise to the word Apartheid. Were one of the first to establish slavery (and one of the last to abolish). Invented the cookie (Dutch word is koekje), introduced the ginger cat to the United States (apparently they all stem from one ginger cat that hitched a ride on one of the boats) and have an ongoing battle with water.
Our head of state is Queen Beatrix. There are over 16 million people living here, which makes it quite crowded. We used to own New Amsterdam (now New York, big mistake in selling it, everybody might otherwise have been speaking Dutch), Surinam and Indonesia. We were for a long time the only country that was allowed to trade with Japan.
We have Vincent van Gogh, Rembrandt van Rijn, Karel Appel (all painters); Jan de Bont and Paul Verhoeven (directors); Rutger Hauer and Jeroen Krabbé (actors); Famke Janssen (actress); Dick Bruna, Harry Mulish and Xaviera Hollander (writers); Willem Barentsz and Abel Tasman (explorers); Desiderius Erasmus and Baruch de Spinoza (philosophers); Raymond van Barneveld (darts player); Pieter van den Hoogeband (swimmer); Johan Cruijff (football player); Anton Geesink (judoka); Richard Krajicek (tennis player).
Oh, and there's me!
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Dutch Flag and detail of windmill: July 2009 in Open Air Museum Arnhem; Wuppie: January 2010; Tulips and clogs: It's a small world attraction in Eurodisney: May 2010; Nijntje/Miffy by Dick Bruna; me in May 2010